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A brief guide to Stress Urinary Incontinence

Mar 29, 2017

A brief guide to Stress Urinary Incontinence

A condition known as Stress Urinary Incontinence or SUI occurs when urine is involuntary released during a physical activity. Completely unrelated to psychological stress, urine discharge occurs when the bladder is subjected to stress due to any physical activity like coughing, sneezing, running, etc. This is a condition that most commonly affects women. This condition occurs when a woman loses the ability to control the muscles, usually the sphincter, that are responsible for holding the urine in either due to the weakness in the muscles or their complete inability to work.

The exact cause of dysfunctional muscles that leads to Stress Urinary Incontinence is unknown. It occurs after multiple pregnancies. It is also known to occur when there is a pelvic prolapse, a condition where the bladder or the urethra collapses into the woman’s vagina.

If an individual is suffering from Stress Urinary Incontinence, some factors can worsen the condition and should be avoided. These include:

  • Things that cause irritation to the bladder: alcohol, caffeine, soda, artificial sweeteners.
  • Urinary Tract Infections
  • Obesity
  • Certain medications that induce frequent urination 

Stress Urinary Incontinence does not lead to any major health complications that are fatal but does lead to embarrassment, and tends to get in the way of social activities.

A treatment can be started by recognizing the underlying cause of the condition to reduce symptoms. The most common types of treatments are:

  • Behavioral therapy: losing weight, avoiding activities like jumping or running, quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol and decreasing fluid intake.
  • Pelvic Muscle training: Kegel exercises where you contract and relax your pelvic muscles can help treat Stress Urinary Incontinence.
  • Electrical Stimulation: Mild electric currents to the pelvic muscles to make them contract.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, a surgery for repairing the muscles in order to life them is used.

Stress Urinary Incontinence can be easily brought under control and should not be a cause of hindrance in a person’s life. Seeing a doctor and getting help is a step towards it and should not be a cause of embarrassment.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

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