Home/Blogs/Blog details

All you need to know about Somatostatin

Apr 06, 2017

All you need to know about Somatostatin

Also known as the growth hormone-inhibiting hormone and SOM, somatostatin is a peptide hormone that helps in the regulation of the endocrine system preventing the excess secretion of secondary hormones. It mainly acts as an inhibitor hormone which inhibits the excess secretion of the growth hormone and insulin. It also plays the role of a neurotransmitter and relays messages to the gastrointestinal tract to reduce the secretion of gastric hormones, secretin and gastrin. By acting as an inhibitor to the secretion of growth hormone, it ensures the prevention of unwanted multiplication of cells which might go on to develop into tumors and cause medical complications in a person’s body.

Somatostatin is produced by the specialized cells of the pancreas known as the delta cells. This is where it starts its role of controlling the secretion of insulin. Once in the blood, somatostatin also plays a major role in controlling the absorption of nutrients in and out of the blood stream. Along with another hormone in the pancreas, glucagon it also regulates the absorption and distribution of glucose, amino acids and fatty acids in the body.

Being an inhibitor hormone, excess or diminished levels of somatostatin in the body can cause major medical complications in the body. It can create an imbalance of other hormones in the body, thereby leading to faulty functioning of bodily systems. In case of the presence of a tumor in the pancreas, an endocrine tumor known as somatostatina, there is excess secretion of somatostatin which causes over inhibition of secretion of insulin and the growth hormone leading to retarded growth of cells in the body and high levels of sugar. Researchers are led to believe that highly low levels of somatostatin in the brain can lead to the onset of Alzheimer’s disorder though the exact role of somatostatin in the disorder is still unknown.  High levels of somatostatin in the blood stream may lead to symptoms like stomach cramps, uncontrolled diarrhea, unexplained weight loss, and abdominal pain.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

footer pattern

All Copyrights reserve worldhealthcarenews.biz 2017.