Home/Blogs/Blog details

An Introduction to Cell Culture

Mar 31, 2017

An Introduction to Cell Culture

Any living thing on this planet is composed of cells; cells are the building blocks for tissues, organs, systems and the living body. The process of cultivating or growing cells in an artificial environment outside the natural environment of the body of a living being is known as cell culture. These cells are the precursors to organs and biological systems, if grown under the right conditions; they can be used to generate complex biological organs that can act as medical transplants for the damaged ones.

The process is a complex one and requires a controlled environment which comprises of the right nutrient medium that acts as a source of food for the cells. The artificial environment needs to provide an ideal temperature, humidity and gaseous atmosphere for the cells to thrive and multiply. Most cells require a support known as a substrate which acts like a base to which the cells can adhere to and start growing, the cells which do not require a substrate are cultured in a medium, where they are suspended (floating) in the medium, known as a suspension culture.

Cell culture is done by two methods, primary cell cultures and cell line evolution. In primary cell cultures, the cells are directly obtained from the living tissue of an animal or a human and then transferred to a substrate to allow them to grow and occupy the area of the substrate. Cell line evolution is the next step after primary cell culture, wherein multiple cells that developed from a single cell are maintained in a laboratory and are used for culturing more cells.

One of the major tools in cell biology, molecular biology and biotechnology, cell culture is significant to study the physiological aspects of animals and humans to help in the cure of various diseases. It is also useful for studying the effects of various chemicals, drugs and toxic materials on cells in order to come up with the treatments for the same. It plays a major role in biochemistry and is beneficial in the development of vaccines and other biological compounds.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

footer pattern

All Copyrights reserve worldhealthcarenews.biz 2017.