Home/Blogs/Blog details

An Overview of Multiple Sclerosis

Apr 03, 2017

An Overview of Multiple Sclerosis

A disease that affects mainly the brain and the spinal cord, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease i.e. the patient’s own immune system starts destroying the healthy cells in the brain and the spinal cord of the body. It is known as a demyelinating disease since it destroys the covers known as myelin sheath of the nerve cells present in the brain and the spinal cord. The disease leads to not only physical but also mental and psychiatric problems which are difficult to treat. A severe case of multiple sclerosis might result in permanent blindness or paralysis in the patient.

The main effect of MS is the destruction of myelin that covers the nerve cells. This myelin is responsible for the conduction of electric impulses that relay messages from the brain to the muscles, and the destruction of myelin leads to loss of muscle coordination or complete loss of movement. Being an autoimmune disease, the exact cause of the disease is unknown. The occurrence of the disease is attributed to the combination of several environmental and genetic factors. The disease is more commonly seen in women than in men. It is also observed to be more common in people of the European descent. Another factor thought to play a major role is the age of the person; old people are more likely to get multiple sclerosis.

Multiple sclerosis affects the cells of the brain and the spinal cord in other words the Central Nervous System. This causes the loss of control of all the actions of the body. The symptoms in the early stages of the disease are extremely mild and are not noticed till the disease has progressed to a later stage. The most common symptoms include:

  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Constipation
  • Loss of memory
  • Inattentiveness
  • Changes in the emotional health
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Muscle spasms
  • Blurred or double vision

Presently, a complete cure for multiple sclerosis is unavailable. Treatments that are available are more focused towards treating the symptoms of the disease. The most common treatment used for multiple sclerosis is the prescription of corticosteroids which help in the suppression of the immune system.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert. 

footer pattern

All Copyrights reserve worldhealthcarenews.biz 2017.