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Breast Cancer – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Mar 29, 2017

Breast Cancer – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

One of the most common types of cancer occurring in women across the globe, breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops from the breast cells in the breast tissue. The cells of the breast tissue start multiplying rapidly and form a tumor in the breast, which if not removed or destroyed in time starts spreading to other tissues. It is highly difficult to control it if the cells start invading the nearby tissues. Though most commonly occurring in women, in rare cases it might be seen in men too. The tumor may start developing in different parts of the breast. The most common point of development are the ducts that carry milk known as ductal carcinoma while some start developing in glands that produce and secrete milk known as lobular cancer. Some types of sarcomas and lymphomas start developing in other parts of the breast tissue and are not generally classified as breast cancers. Even though the exact causes of breast cancer are unknown, there are some common risk factors that are thought to play a major role in causing one. They include: • Age • Genetic factors • Obesity • Frequent intake of birth control pills • Excess consumption of alcohol • Hormone Replacement therapy The most common sign of breast cancer is a lump in the breast. Though most breast lumps can be harmless, they should be checked to be safe. Other common signs and symptoms of breast cancer are: • Dimpled skin • Fluid discharge from the nipple • Scaly patches • Change in skin color or texture • Armpit lumps • Change in shape of the breast or nipple • Nipple rash Breast cancer, like any other type of cancer, is treated on the basis of its type and stage. The most common form of treatment for breast cancer is surgery, where the tumor in the breast is isolated and removed to avoid metastasis (spreading). Other forms of treatment include chemotherapy or radiation therapy, wherein the cancer cells are killed by targeting them with chemicals or radiations. In some cases, if the cancer has spread, the whole breast is removed. Breast cancer is fatal, but if detected early it is treatable. Regular checkups at hospitals or checking for lumps in the breast by an individual can lead to early detection and a successful treatment. Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

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