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Clinical Depression – An Overview

Apr 04, 2017

Clinical Depression – An Overview

Clinical depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is a mental disorder that causes severe changes in the mood of an individual suffering from it. It affects the person in how he/she sees himself/herself and makes it difficult for them to function normally. Often misunderstood as mood swings, clinical depression more often than not goes unnoticed and leads to suicides across the globe. It is a genuine medical condition and needs therapy or treatment for the patient to get better and start living their life normally.

Depending on the causes, and the signs and symptoms of the disorder there are various types of Clinical Depressions. They are as follows:

  • Major Depression: the person exhibits severe signs of depression and is not able to perform simple tasks of working, sleeping, studying, eating, etc.
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder: a depression that lasts for 2 years or longer. The person has multiple episodes of depression and exhibits major signs and symptoms.
  • Psychotic Depression: depression that is accompanied by another mental disorder known as psychosis, where the person is not in touch with the reality.
  • Postpartum Depression: seen in mother after childbirth, mostly caused due to hormonal and physical changes.

Major depressive disorder severely affects a person’s mental and physical health and interferes with their personal, social and professional life. A person with depressive disorder always exhibits a low mood which comes in his/her way of living a normal life. Along with severe sadness, other signs and symptoms include:

  • Extreme pessimism
  • Feeling hopeless or worthless
  • Extreme guilt or helplessness
  • Disinterest in hobbies and other activities
  • Inattentiveness
  • Fatigue and laziness
  • Difficulty in making decisions
  • Frequent thoughts of suicide
  • Suicide attempts
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained physical discomfort

The treatment for depression usually involves therapeutic sessions with a psychiatrist or a psychologist. In severe cases, if the patient fails to respond to therapy, anti-depressants are prescribed by the therapist.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

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