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Cystic Fibrosis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Apr 04, 2017

Cystic Fibrosis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

A genetic disorder, cystic fibrosis is a disorder that mainly affects the lungs of the person suffering from the disorder. It basically affects the mucous and sweat glands in a person’s body. It is a disease that is inherited by an individual and is generally characterized by excessive presence of thick and sticky mucous. This can cause complications in the person due to blocked passageways by mucous deposits leading to breathing problems and infections. Most people suffering from this condition also suffer from a faulty digestive system.

Cystic fibrosis is caused due to a gene mutation which is passed on to a child from his/her parents. This mutation occurs in a gene CTFR which is responsible for the production of a specific protein whose main role is the movement of salt and water in and out of a cell. The mutation causes extra production of protein which makes the mucous thick thereby leading to complications caused by cystic fibrosis.

  • Salty skin due to excessive presence of sweat on the body
  • Inability to pass stools after birth due to less amount of water
  • Presence of large amounts of mucous in the cough
  • Wheezing sound while breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Contracting various infections like sinus infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia often
  • Growth of clumps of cells known as polyps in the nasal passage
  • Excessive presence foul odor while passing stools
  • Oily stools
  • Inability to gain weight or frequent weight loss
  • Low density of bones
  • Clubbing i.e. rounding and widening of finger tips and toe tips

The severity of the symptoms and also the symptoms exhibited by people suffering from cystic fibrosis is different in each patient. Due to this, same treatment can’t be provided to everyone with the disorder. But some treatments are common. Several therapeutic sessions are tailored for cystic fibrosis patients in order to help them clear their airways like usage of inflatable vests and medications that can be inhaled. Prescription of pancreatic enzyme supplements and vitamin supplements are provided for proper nourish and absorption of necessary nutrients in the body.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

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