Home/Blogs/Blog details

Cytomegalovirus and the Diseases it causes

Mar 31, 2017

Cytomegalovirus and the Diseases it causes

Basically translating into ‘A Large Cell’, cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a very common type of virus that belongs to the herpes family of viruses. Though this virus has the ability to remain inactive in the body of humans for long periods of time, if activated it might cause severe CMV infections, commonly known as glandular fever, that mimic the symptoms of flu. The virus is usually found only in mammals, more commonly in humans and monkeys.

CMV infections are communicable and are spread to other individuals mainly through the exchange of bodily fluids. Cytomegalovirus can enter a person’s body via blood transfusions, or contact with an infected person’s saliva, urine, semen, vaginal fluids, etc. The virus can be passed on by a mother to her child during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

Even if a person acquires the cytomegalovirus via a patient, it can remain inactive if the person has a healthy immune system, though any person with CMV in their body is called to have an infection, though this infection is inactive. But if in course of time, the person’s immune system is compromised because of a medical condition like AIDS or medical transplants, the virus becomes active thereby causing a severe infection. In case, the virus is passed on to a new-born baby via his/her mother, the baby usually acquires an infection known as Congenital CMV, if the newborn baby doesn’t have Congenital CMV,  the chances of it getting an infection later in life are higher.

The symptoms of the infection present themselves differently depending on the host – an adult with a weak immune system or a newborn baby. The symptoms seen are:

  • Weakened immune system: high body temperature, diarrhea, blind spots, blurred vision, short breaths, pneumonia, hepatitis and retinitis.
  • Congenital CMV: pneumonia, jaundice, seizures, low birth weight, rashes showing purple spots.

For most of the times, CMV infection goes undetected as it doesn’t usually exhibit any symptoms if it is not an active infection. But if a person does show the above mentioned symptoms, a simple blood test will suffice to diagnose the presence of the cytomegalovirus infection. The treatment for mild symptoms usually involves the prescription of painkillers and analgesics. Anti-viral medication is prescribed to people with an active infection and to babies with the congenital CMV.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

footer pattern

All Copyrights reserve worldhealthcarenews.biz 2017.