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Distinguishing Skin Eczema

Mar 29, 2017

Distinguishing Skin Eczema

Eczema, also known as Dermatitis is an inflammation of skin, characterized by itchiness, redness and rash. There are different types of Eczema/dermatitis.

Atopic dermatitis is the most common allergic disease and often hereditary, found in families having history of asthma.  It develops as a Itchy rash on head, scalp, elbows, knees, neck, and buttocks. Contact dermatitis are of 2 types- allergic type which occurs due to a slow reaction to an allergen and irritant type which is caused by direct reaction to substances like detergent. Xerotic eczema is characterized by dry cracked skin which turns into eczema, especially in older population in winter season. The most affected parts are trunk and limbs and the lesions are itchy and tender. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a type of eczema related to dandruff and is characterized by peeling of the scalp, face and eyebrows. The affected parts may be dry or greasy. In neonates, rashes develop on the scalp which is thick, crusty and yellow and mainly occurs due biotin deficiency.

Diagnostics & Treatment Options                           

Diagnosis of eczema is based mostly on the past medical history, family history and physical examination. In some cases, skin biopsy may be useful. Patch test is done to allergic contact dermatitis. Contact dermatitis can be managed by identifying and avoiding the substance causing it. Medications like antihistamines, corticosteroids, moisturizing agents, immunosuppressant and other topical ointments helps in curing the disease. Alternative medicine, light therapy may help in cure as well.

Latest Developments In Treatment Of Eczema

A new research at the University of Edinburgh, UK, researchers have found that a compound human beta-defensin 2 (hBD2), which when applied on the skin, the epidermis shields itself in opposition to bacterial damage. Dr. Donald Davidson, a lead researcher on the study, told The Daily Mail, “This is a great chance to work with something that the body makes naturally to develop new therapies for atopic eczema, which affects so many people’s lives.”

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

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