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Gonorrhea – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Mar 31, 2017

Gonorrhea – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that spreads through sexual contact, be it oral, anal or vaginal, with an already infected person. Informally, gonorrhea is known as ‘clap’ or ‘drip’. A very common STD, gonorrhea usually exhibits no symptoms and can be spread very easily from one person to another. Gonorrhea is also very easy to treat and does not usually cause long term medical complications.

A type of bacterial infection, gonorrhea is caused due to a type of bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. In addition, if a person had contracted gonorrhea in past, they would again contract it if they have any kind of sexual contact with an already infected person. Gonorrhea can also be passed on by an infected mother to her baby.

Even though, the disease might present itself without any symptoms generally in men, sometimes symptoms are seen in both, men and women suffering from gonorrhea, though in women symptoms might appear like that of a general infection. These symptoms are different in men and women. They include:

Men:

  • Burning sensation or pain while urinating
  • Increased urge to urinate
  • Abnormal discharge from the penis that resembles pus
  • Swollen or red-colored penis opening
  • Swollen or painful testicles
  • Sore throat or swollen lymph nodes

Women:

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Burning sensation or pain while urinating
  • Increased urge to urinate
  • Spotting
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Fever
  • Painful joints

Though easily treatable, in highly severe cases, gonorrhea can lead to fatal medical complications like disseminated gonococcal infection, an infection that causes fever, arthritis, tenosynovitis, and dermatitis. Gonorrhea also increases the risk of contracting AIDS. If gonorrhea is transmitted to a newborn by its mother, it leads to blindness, joint infections, or blood infections in the newborn.

The treatment for gonorrhea is fairly simple and involves prescription of anti-biotic. In case of a pregnant woman with gonorrhea, the newborn is prescribed with an eye ointment to prevent infection.

Though not a majorly fatal disease, gonorrhea still is severe complication and should be avoided at all costs. Using condoms is the best way to prevent the spread of gonorrhea or any STDs.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

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