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How is Liposuction surgery performed?

Apr 06, 2017

How is Liposuction surgery performed?

Liposuction surgery is a procedure of removal of fat from certain parts of the body. Every year, around 400,000 liposuction surgeries take place and it has gained immense popularity in the past three decades. It is usually an option chosen by people to refine their contours, esp. in cases where a healthy diet and regular exercise seem insufficient. However, it must be noted that liposuction is neither a tool for weight loss nor a cure for obesity. It is purely a cosmetic surgery which is expensive and has subtle effects.

After the application of local or general anaesthesia, a small stainless steel suction device called cannula is used in liposuction surgeries which is injected into the fatty areas between the muscles and skin. Post which, the fat is removed by using a suction pump or large syringe. The length of the procedure, however, varies with the amount of fat removed.

Depending on the techniques of liposuction, it is broadly classified into two types.

  • Tumescent liposuction: A saline solution is first injected into the fatty areas which contracts the blood vessels and reduces blood loss and pain before and after the surgery. Besides, it also helps the surgeon to remove fat more conveniently.
  • Ultrasound-assisted liposuction: In this technique, ultrasonic energy is used instead of solution to liquefy the fat and help remove it more easily.

Recovery from liposuction surgery is usually quick and the results are permanent. However, it is noteworthy that a healthy diet and regular exercise plan is a must after liposuction surgery for maintaining the new body contour. If not followed, the body might re-gain weight. Though side effects like bruising, swelling, pain, numbness, scars etc., usually associated with liposuction subside with time, in certain cases, more complications arise. Allergic reactions, infections, skin necrosis, contour irregularities, burns, puncture of an internal organ, toxicity, fluid imbalance are some the dangerous post-surgery complications associated with liposuction. Therefore, all factors must be cautiously weighed before undergoing it.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.


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