Home/Blogs/Blog details

Huntington’s disease – A brief about the Disease

Apr 06, 2017

Huntington’s disease – A brief about the Disease

A disease that is inherited by the patient, Huntington’s disease leads to slow but continuous degeneration of cells in the brain, the nerve cells. The signs and symptoms start appearing in the patient in their late 30s of early 40s even though the disease starts developing well before that. Huntington’s disease causes a severe effect on the patient’s ability to function normally physically and tends to lead to fault in their physical movements, cognitive abilities and psychological health. Huntington’s disease literally causes an irreversible decline in the patient’s overall health including mental and behavioral.

A mutation in a gene causes a defect, and this defective gene is inherited by the person thereby causing the Huntington’s disease. Usually, for a genetic disease to develop two copies of the gene are required to be present, but in case of Huntington’s even the presence of a single copy of the defective gene leads to the development of the disease in the patient, this type of a disorder is known as an autosomal dominant disorder.

As mentioned before, Huntington’s disease affects the overall health of the patient and thereby the array of signs and symptoms exhibited by the patient is wide. But which symptoms are seen in the beginning varies from person to person. Once the symptoms start appearing, some symptoms are more severe and last for a longer duration than the others. The most commonly seen symptoms are:

  • Chorea, involuntary movement of the limbs
  • Stiff muscles
  • Inability to walk properly or maintain balance and posture
  • Speech impairment
  • Difficulty in swallowing food
  • Inattentiveness
  • Tendency to focus on one thought or action for a long period of time
  • Unawareness of own thoughts and actions
  • Inability to voice thoughts or opinions
  • Forgetfulness
  • Feelings of despair or irritability
  • Inability to sleep
  • Dysfunctional social life
  • Fatigue
  • Suicidal thoughts

In some cases, Huntington’s disease can end up leading to major mental disorders like obsessive-compulsive disorder, mania, and bipolar disorder. The treatments that are available for the disease cannot cure the disease, but they are focused towards reducing the intensity of the symptoms. A common treatment for Huntington’s disease is the prescription of drugs to control the symptoms.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

footer pattern

All Copyrights reserve worldhealthcarenews.biz 2017.