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Information about Diabetes Mellitus

Apr 05, 2017

Information about Diabetes Mellitus

Commonly known as diabetes, diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases that primarily affects the insulin production capabilities or the ability to use insulin in the body by mainly affecting the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas and is required by the body for the breakdown of sugar to generate energy. It is a chronic disease that goes on for a lifetime. The disease causes rise in the sugar levels of the body and lack of energy in the body to perform bodily functions normally.

Depending on the type of dysfunctionality of the pancreas and insulin, diabetes mellitus is classified into two categories, Type I diabetes and Type II diabetes.

Type I diabetes: Diabetes Mellitus is said to be Type I diabetes when the disease directly affects the pancreatic cells known as beta cells which are responsible for the production of insulin. This causes either no or very less production of insulin and can be seen in people with age of 20 to 30.

Type II diabetes: In this case, the pancreas produces insulin but the insulin produced is too less or doesn’t have the capability of functioning properly. This condition is commonly prevalent in people who are above 40 or overweight.

The exact cause of diabetes is still unknown. But some risk factors can increase your chances of getting diabetes mellitus. They include:

  • History of the condition in the family
  • Overweight / obesity
  • Physical stress
  • Overuse of certain types of drugs or medications like steroids
  • Physical injury to the pancreas
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol levels
  • Excessive smoking or use of alcohol

Though not fatal, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus leads to life-threatening complications like retinopathy (eye diseases), nephropathy (kidney diseases) and neuropathy (nerve diseases). Diabetes mellitus is incurable but can be managed and controlled via various therapies and changes in the lifestyle. Regular checkups, maintaining the blood sugar, regular exercise and a healthy diet are the most effective methods for managing diabetes.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

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