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Is Dry eye syndrome curable?

Apr 07, 2017

Is Dry eye syndrome curable?

Dry eye syndrome, as the name suggests, is a chronic condition causing the eyes to dry up and prevent them from welling up with tears. Besides causing irritation and discomfort, dry eyes lead to redness, itching, blurry vision and photosensitivity. It is noteworthy that in certain cases, lack of moisture in the eye causes the central nervous system to misinterpret it with debrisandsend signal to well up the eyes with tears; however, the tears being more watery and different from the usual ones are capable of washing away debris but cannot moisturize the surface of the eye. This phenomenon is called reflex tearing and is often witnessed in patients associated with dry eye syndrome.

The occurrence of dry eye syndrome is linked to old age, side effects of certain drugs, vascular diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and defect in the eye which does not allow the eyelids to properly close.

Treatment procedures of dry eye syndrome vary with the severity of the disease. For temporary relief, the eye is rehydrated every 4-5 hours with the help of artificial tears. Lubricating gels are used for longer lubrication and relief, but due to the occurrence of blurry vision post use, they are usually recommended to be used during bed time. Besides eye drops which not only produce artificial tears but also help in producing natural tears increasing the moisture content of eyes and reducing inflammation, irritation and redness associated with dry eyes. In certain cases, medicines are prescribed and depending on the severity of the disease, a surgery might also be required. Though it is not possible to prevent, but wearing glasses, avoiding smoke and dust, limiting the use of hair dryers, air conditioners, heaters etc. and especially, avoid directing them towards eyes can reduce the risk factors of developing dry eye syndrome.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

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