Apr 03, 2017
Bladder is an organ that collects urine produced by the kidneys and undergoes contraction of its walls while relaxing the sphincter in the urethra to release urine and expel it from the body. When the cells of the bladder undergo malignant transformation causing them to grow and multiply abnormally forming tumour, the body is said to have developed bladder cancer. Bladder cancer usually occurs in older men above the age of 55 and accounts for 5% of the new cancers. It has been found out that men are almost 3 to 4 times more susceptible to this disease as compared to women.
Though developing cancer is a matter of hard luck, certain risk factors have been identified which elevate the chances of having bladder cancer. Smoking, drinking water with arsenic present in it, exposure to certain organic or industrial chemicals and prolonged intake of diabetic medication are some of the noteworthy risk factors involved with bladder cancer. Besides, there are also some inevitable risk factors like age, gender, and race, birth defects and family history associated with bladder cancer.
The early symptoms of bladder cancer include blood or blood clots in the urine, painful or frequent urination and urinary tract infections. Besides, pain near the kidneys, an enlarged pelvis, swelling of the lower legs, weight loss, anaemia, pain in the pelvic or rectal region also suggest signs of bladder cancer.
Depending on the origin of the cancerous cells, bladder cancer has been broadly categorized into three types, namely, urothelial carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Once a person is diagnosed with bladder cancer along with its type and stage, treatment procedures are decided accordingly. Most common treatment procedures include surgery, intravesical therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and immunotherapy. It should be noted that even after successful cure of bladder cancer, there are high chances of a recurrence or a second cancer. Therefore, a person once diagnosed with bladder cancer, is recommended to visit a doctor regularly and abstain from all the risk factors even after getting completely cured of it.
Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.
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