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Time to pay attention to Attention Deficit Disorder

Apr 07, 2017

Time to pay attention to Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurological disorder resulting from chemical imbalance of neurotransmitters that help the brain to regulate and control behaviour. It is found in 3-5% of schoolchildren and though less common, it is also found in adults. The exact reason for ADD is unknown; however, it has been reported that 75% cases of ADD can be linked to genetics while for others environmental and social factors like intake of alcohol during pregnancy, prolonged exposure of children to toxic substances, eating habits, family dysfunction etc. contribute to the cause of the disorder.

ADD is divided into three broad categories depending on the behaviour exhibited by the patients.

  • Inattention: Sufferers of this type demonstrate a distracted behaviour, makes careless mistakes, are forgetful, disorganized and usually, unable to pay attention to details.
  • Hyperactivity: As the name suggests, patients of this type are hyperactive and find it difficult to be seated. They usually run around and also, talk excessively. Hyperactive adults, however, often demonstrate feeling of restlessness.
  • Impulsivity: People associated with issues of impulsivity usually have difficulty in waiting and therefore, are found to act impulsively, they answer before questions are completed and are usually found to interrupt others.

Owing to the fact that a behaviour similar to the signs and symptoms of ADD is common for almost all people during childhood, most cases of ADD remain undetected or misdiagnosed. Also, most parents believe that the symptoms will go away with age and therefore, ignore the signs. However, it should be noted that if left untreated, it can continue till adulthood.

Diagnosing ADD is a complex procedure of assessment of IQ of the child, close interaction with the people associated with the patient and understanding the behaviour with procedures which include assessment forms, detailed observation of the patient and so on. Once diagnosed, ADD is treated with behavioural therapies, medication and maintained diet. However, it should be noted that the response to these methods of treatment vary from individual to individual.

Disclaimer: The information given in this write-up is purely for educating the reader. It is not meant to be a substitute for any advice from a medical expert.

 

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